Thursday, March 30, 2017

Ruling on raising the hands in Du`aa after the Salaah

Du`aa is before the Tasleem and Dhikr is after the Salaah

بسم الله والحمد لله والصلاة والسلام على رسول الله ، وبعد

QUESTION Is it allowed to raise the hands (for supplication) between the Adhaan and Iqaamah and after the compulsory prayers?

Shaikh Ibn al-`Uthaymeen رحمه الله: Yes, raising the hands for Du`aa (supplication) between the Adhaan and Iqaamah is from the etiquette of making supplication. This is because the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said: A supplication made between the Adhaan and Iqaamah is not rejected. [Sunan Abu Dawood (521), Sunan al-Tirmidhee (212) and graded as “Saheeh” by Shaikh al-Albaanee]

And the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said: Indeed Allaah is Hayiy (Shy) and Kareem (Most Generous), and is ashamed to allow His servant’s hands to return empty after he has raised them up to Him. [Sunan Abu Dawood (1488), Sunan al-Tirmidhee (3556), Sunan Ibn Maajah (3865), and graded as “Saheeh” by Shaikh al-Albaanee. In Sunan Abu Dawood and Ibn Maajah the wordings are: Your Lord is Hayiy. In Sunan al-Tirmidhee and Ibn Maajah the additional wordings are to return him empty handed and rejected.]

And the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم further explained that raising the hands while making Du`aa is a means for the acceptance of the Du`aa.

The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said: Verily Allaah is Pure. He does not accept but that which is pure. Allaah commands the believers with what He commanded the Messengers. Allaah has said: {O you Messengers! Eat of the good things and act righteously}. And Allaah also said: {O you who believe! Eat of the good things that We have provided you with}. Then he (the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم) mentioned (the case of) the man who, having journeyed far, is disheveled and dusty and who stretches out his hands to the sky (saying): “O Lord! O Lord!” (while) his food was unlawful, his drink was unlawful, his clothing was unlawful, and he is nourished with unlawful things, so how can he be answered? [Saheeh Muslim (1692), the first Aayah is from Surah al-Mu’minoon (23):51-53; and the second is from Surah al-Baqarah (2):172]

In this narration the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم mentioned about raising the hands to make it clear that raising the hands in Du`aa is from the means of the Du`aa being answered.

So based on this, if a man repeats (the Adhaan) after the Muadhdhin (the caller to prayer) and says: اللَّهُمَّ رَبَّ هَذِهِ الدَّعْوَةِ التَّامَّةِ…, and raises his hands and supplicates, then there is no problem with that.

[The complete narration is as follows: The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said: Whoever after listening to the Adhaan says:

اللَّهُمَّ رَبَّ هَذِهِ الدَّعْوَةِ التَّامَّةِ، وَالصَّلاَةِ القَائِمَةِ، آتِ مُحَمَّدًا الوَسِيلَةَ وَالفَضِيلَةَ، وَابْعَثْهُ مَقَامًا مَحْمُودًا الَّذِي وَعَدْتَهُ

“Allaahumma Rabba haadhihid-Da`watit-taammah, was-salaatil qaa’imah, aati Muhammadan al-waseelata wal-fadheelah, wa-b`ath-hu maqaaman mahmoodan-il-ladhee wa`adtahu”

[O Allaah! Lord of this perfect call (perfect by not ascribing partners to You) and of the regular prayer which is going to be established, give Muhammad the right of intercession and illustriousness, and resurrect him to the best and the highest place in Paradise that You promised him (of)]

Then my intercession for him will be allowed on the Day of Resurrection. [Saheeh al-Bukhaaree (614, 4719)]]

But as for making the Du`aa after the Salaah, then it is not legislated - neither after the compulsory prayers nor after the optional prayers, whether he raises his hands or he does not, it not legislated to make Du`aa after the prayers – compulsory or optional. What is legislated after the prayer is to make Dhikr (remembrance of Allaah), and the Du`aa is legislated before completing the prayer (i.e. before the Tasleem, in the final Tashahhud). And the evidence for it is the saying of Allaah تعالى:

﴿فَإِذَا قَضَيْتُمُ الصَّلَاةَ فَاذْكُرُوا اللَّـهَ قِيَامًا وَقُعُودًا وَعَلَىٰ جُنُوبِكُمْ﴾

{And when you have completed the prayer, remember Allaah standing, sitting down, or lying down on your sides.} [Surah al-Nisaa (4): 103]

He تعالى said to make the Dhikr after completing the prayer and He did not say to supplicate to Him.

And in the Saheeh from the Hadeeth of Ibn Mas`ood رضي الله عنه, that the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم, when he taught Ibn Mas`ood the Tashahhud, he صلى الله عليه وسلم said: Then let (a person) choose whatever Du`aa he likes (to supplicate with). [Saheeh Muslim (897, 898, 899)]

Or as the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم had said.

So he صلى الله عليه وسلم legislated the Du`aa before the Tasleem. And the intellect follows this, because as long the people are offering the Salaah, they are in the state of beseeching their Lord. When they complete the prayer, they disperse.

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