Thursday, May 16, 2013

Brief Comments of Shaikh Ibn Baaz on Saheeh al-Bukhaaree #21

The Adhkaar: its Spiritual and Physical effects on a person.
(The Adhkaar: Food for Body & Soul)

بـسـم الله والحـمـد لله والـصلاة والـسـلام عــلى رسـول الله، وبـعـد

Imaam al-Bukhaaree رحمه الله said:

The Book of the obligation of Khumus: Chapter: The evidence that confirms that the Khumus (i.e. one-fifth of the war booty) is meant for the needs of Allaah’s Messenger and the poor; and the fact that Allaah’s Messenger favored the people of As-Suffah and the widows in this matter, for when Faatimah complained of suffering from grinding and the hand-mill and requested him to provide her with a slave-girl (from the booty), he (did not give her a slave-girl) but told her to ask for Allaah’s Aid.

Narrated `Alee رضي الله عنه: Faatimah رضي الله عنها went to the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم complaining about the bad effect of the stone hand-mill on her hand. She heard that the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم had received a few slave girls (as captives of war). But (when she came there) she did not find him, so she mentioned her problem to `Aaishah رضي الله عنها. When the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم came, ‘Aaishah informed him about that. `Alee رضي الله عنه added: So the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم came to us when we had gone to bed. We wanted to get up (on his arrival) but he صلى الله عليه وسلم said: “Stay where you are.” Then he came and sat between me and her and I felt the coldness of his feet on my abdomen. He صلى الله عليه وسلم said: “Shall I direct you to something better than what you have requested? When you go to bed say سبحان الله (Subhaan Allaah) thirty-three times, الحمد لله (al-hamdulillaah) thirty three times, and الله أكبر (Allaahu Akbar) thirty four times, for that is better for you than a servant.”

`Alee رضي الله عنه added: I have never failed to recite it ever since. Somebody asked: Even on the night of the battle of Siffeen? He said: No, even on the night of the battle of Siffeen.

[Saheeh al-Bukhaaree (3113, 3705, 5361, 5362, 6318) and Saheeh Muslim (6580)]

Shaikh Ibn Baaz رحمه الله said:

[1] This Tasbeeh (Dhikr) is a Sunnah before going to bed. Faatimah رضي الله عنها said (in one narration): I never complained after this; meaning after doing this Dhikr.  And with this Dhikr, Allaah تعالى strengthens the slave in his affairs.

[Translator’s Note: More than one scholar has said that this Hadeeth is evidence that doing Dhikr strengthens the body both physically and spiritually.]

* The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم taught the poor from the Muhaajireen to do the similar Dhikr after (every) Salaah.

[Translator’s Note: One such example of the Hadeeth is as follows: Narrated Abu Hurairah رضي الله عنه: Some poor people came to the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم and said: The wealthy people will get higher grades and will have permanent enjoyment and they pray like us and fast as we do. They have more money by which they perform the Hajj, and `Umrah; fight and struggle in Allaah’s cause and give in charity. The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said: “Shall I not tell you a thing upon which if you acted you would catch up with those who have surpassed you? Nobody would overtake you and you would be better than the people amongst whom you live except those who would do the same. Say Subhaan Allaah, alhamdu-lillaah, and Allaahu Akbar thirty three times each after every (compulsory) prayer.” We differed and some of us said that we should say, Subhan Allaah thirty three times and Alhamdu-lillaah thirty three times and Allaahu Akbar thirty four times. I went to the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم who said: “Say: Subhan Allaah and Alhamdu-lillaah and Allaahu Akbar all together for thirty three times.” [Saheeh al-Bukhaaree (843) and Saheeh Muslim (595, 596)]

Another Hadeeth: Abu Hurairah رضي الله عنه:  reported Allaah’s Messenger صلى الله عليه وسلم as saying: “If anyone extols Allaah (by saying سبحان الله) after every prayer thirty-three times, and praises Allaah (by saying الحمد لله) thirty-three times, and declares His Greatness (by saying الله أكبر) thirty-three times, ninety-nine times in all, and says to complete a hundred: لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ لَهُ الْمُلْكُ وَلَهُ الْحَمْدُ وَهُوَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَىْءٍ قَدِيرٌ (There is no god but Allaah, having no partner with Him, to Him belongs sovereignty and to Him is praise due, and He is Potent over everything), his sins will be forgiven even If these are as abundant as the foam of the sea.” [Saheeh Muslim (597)]]

* The Khumus (one-fifth share) is to be distributed from the war-booty (spoils of war), Allaah تعالى has explained its ruling in Surah al-Anfaal:

﴿وَاعْلَمُوا أَنَّمَا غَنِمْتُم مِّن شَيْءٍ فَأَنَّ لِلَّـهِ خُمُسَهُ﴾

{And know that whatever of war-booty that you may gain, verily one-fifth (1/5th) of it is assigned to Allaah} till the end of the verse. [Surah al-Anfaal (8): 41]

The Walee al-Amr (the ruler) is in charge of distributing it for the welfare of the Muslims.

* He صلى الله عليه وسلم excused himself from providing her a female servant due to (his giving precedence to) the welfare of the Muslims (over the comfort of his own daughter). Later on he صلى الله عليه وسلم did provide her with one when Allaah تعالى gave him the means.

الحلل الإبريزية من التعليقات البازية على صحيح البخاري

No comments:

Post a Comment