Saturday, June 17, 2017

Fitnah & the Muslim's stance Before, During and After it

بسم الله والحمد لله والصلاة والسلام على رسول الله ، وبعد

In the Qur’aan, Allaah تعالى mentioned that Moosaa عليه السلام said:

﴿قَالَ رَبِّ لَوْ شِئْتَ أَهْلَكْتَهُم مِّن قَبْلُ وَإِيَّايَ ۖ أَتُهْلِكُنَا بِمَا فَعَلَ السُّفَهَاءُ مِنَّا ۖ إِنْ هِيَ إِلَّا فِتْنَتُكَ تُضِلُّ بِهَا مَن تَشَاءُ وَتَهْدِي مَن تَشَاءُ ۖ أَنتَ وَلِيُّنَا فَاغْفِرْ لَنَا وَارْحَمْنَا ۖ وَأَنتَ خَيْرُ الْغَافِرِينَ﴾

{He (Moosaa عليه السلام) said: O my Lord, if it had been Your Will, You could have destroyed them and me before; would You destroy us for the deeds of the foolish ones among us? IT IS ONLY YOUR TRIAL BY WHICH YOU LEAD ASTRAY WHOM YOU WILL, AND KEEP GUIDED WHOM YOU WILL. You are our Wali (Protector), so forgive us and have Mercy on us, for You are the Best of those who forgive.} [Surah al-A`raaf (7): 155]


🚩 1. Supplicating earnestly and seeking Allaah’s refuge:
i)                 Beseeching Allaah for guidance.
ii)               Seeking forgiveness.
iii)             Asking Allaah for Paradise and protection from Hell.
iv)             Asking for safety and wellbeing in this world and Hereafter.
v)               Asking for firmness in the Deen.
vi)             Asking Allaah for His continuous favors and protection from His favors ever declining.
vii)          Seeking Allaah’s refuge from calamities, evil end, bad fate, and the malicious joy of the enemies. [This Du`aa is reported in Saheehain]

🚩 2. Arming yourself with religious knowledge:
i)                 Seeking `Ilm is like being in a fortified fortress.
ii)       `Ilm is Criterion to distinguish the Truth from the Falsehood, and the right from the wrong.
iii)             Through `Ilm doubts are clarified and darkness is removed.
iv)            The inhabitants of the Heavens and the earth and fish in the deep oceans pray for those follow the path in quest for knowledge. [Sunan Abu Dawood & Sunan al-Tirmidhee]
v)                  Ignorance is removed.
vi)               One corrects his acts of `Ibaadah through `Ilm.
vii)             The Sharee`ah is protected.
viii)            Proper Da`wah is done based on `Ilm.

🚩 3. Strengthening your Imaan to stand firm during the trials by:
i)                    Recitation of the Qur’aan
ii)                  Contemplating over its meaning
iii)                Following its teachings
iv)                Being conscious about Allaah
v)                  Knowing and affirming His Names and Attributes
vi)                Contemplating on the Ayaat and Ahaadeeth which mention the Greatness of Allaah
vii)              Being in religious gatherings where Allaah is mentioned.
viii)            Doing many righteous deeds:
a)      Racing towards righteousness
b)     Being constant and regular
c)      Keeping the desires under control
d)     Doing much Dhikr
e)     Remembering death
f)       Shunning sins

🚩 4. Accompanying the Scholars and the righteous:
i)         Al-Hasan al-Basree رحمه الله said: When the Fitan are approaching, every scholar knows about it; and when it has gone away, only then do the ignorant ones realize it. [Ibn Sa`d in Tabaqaat al-Kubraa on the authority of `Afaan bin Muslim (9/166) and its chain is authentic; and also in al-Hilyat al-Awliyaa’ (9/24)]

🚩 5. Keeping distance from things which causes Fitan:
i)                  Marriage is the protection from the Fitnah of women.
ii)                Lowering the eyes and informing the women in the family to observe proper Hijaab.
iii)              Not being alone with non-Mahram women.
iv)             Not siding with anyone when there is discord between two groups and the matter is not clear.
v)                Being fair and just and not being biased towards anyone of the groups.
vi)       When Ibn `Abbaas was asked: Are you upon the path of Mu`aawiyah or the path of `Alee? He replied: Rather I am upon the path of the Prophet .
vii)           One should cling to the Jamaa`ah and its leaders.
viii)         Avoid things and people who cause doubts about the religion.

🚩 6. Enjoining Good and Forbidding Evil:
i)                    The Ummah will be upon goodness as long as it enjoins good and forbids evil.
ii)                  It is one of the qualities of the people of Imaan that they enjoin good and forbid evil.
iii)                It leads to the rectification of the Ummah.
iv)                Protection of the Ummah against destruction.
v)                  Source of safety and security.
vi)                Abandoning it prevents the supplications from being answered.
vii)              Abandoning it leads to differences and division in the Ummah.
viii)            Abandoning it removes Allaah’s protection.

🚩 7. Striving in the path of Allaah with wealth and self:



🚩 1. Leaving the places where Fitan have appeared:
i)                 Allaah’s Messenger said: A time will soon come when the best property of a Muslim will be sheep which he will take on the top of mountains and the places of rainfall (valleys) SO AS TO FLEE WITH HIS RELIGION FROM AFFLICTIONS. [Saheeh al-Bukhaaree]
ii)                Migrating from places where a Muslim cannot practice his Deen openly.
iii)              Migrating from places where sin is done in abundance.
iv)          Migrating from places where Bid`ah is in abundance as it leads to Shubuhaat (doubts and confusion) in the Deen.
v)          Not traveling to the lands of the Kuffaar as it leads to Shahawaat (base desires) and suppression of the Deen.
vi)               Abandoning sinful and unrighteous people and gatherings.
vii)             Abandoning things which leads to discord and Fitan like newspapers and magazines.

🚩 2. Protecting the tongue and refraining from talking about things which one has no knowledge of:
i)               One should control the tongue in general and more so during the Fitan.
ii)             Speaking during Fitan is more severe than the blows of the sword [Sunan Abu Dawood]
iii)          The Fitnah of Ruwaibidhah (unqualified people) who speak in the matters of the people.
iv)       Fitan cause many to go astray: {He (Moosaa عليه السلام) said: O my Lord, if it had been Your Will, You could have destroyed them and me before; would You destroy us for the deeds of the foolish ones among us? IT IS ONLY YOUR TRIAL BY WHICH YOU LEAD ASTRAY WHOM YOU WILL, AND KEEP GUIDED WHOM YOU WILL. You are our Wali (Protector), so forgive us and have Mercy on us, for You are the Best of those who forgive.} [Surah al-A`raaf (7): 155]
v)             When the Fitnah appears, matters become doubtful as truth is mixed with falsehood and this creates a lot of confusion, the laymen therefore should take control of their tongue and should approach the scholars for proper guidance, as Allaah تعالى says: {When there comes to them some matter touching (public) safety or fear, they make it known (among the people), if only they had referred it to the Messenger or to those charged with authority among them, the proper investigators would have understood it from them (directly). Had it not been for the Grace and Mercy of Allah upon you, you would have followed Shaitan (Satan), save a few of you.} [Surah al-Nisaa’ (4): 83]
vi)      When the foolish speak, they only flame the fire through their rumors: {O you who believe! If a rebellious evil person comes to you with a news, verify it, lest you harm people in ignorance, and afterwards you become regretful to what you have done.} [Surah al-Hujooraat (49): 6]
vii)      The Prophet said: It is enough of a lie for a man to narrate everything he hears. [Saheeh Muslim]
viii)        When the Fitnah appears, the fools rush in where even the wise fear to tread.

🚩 3. Sabr (patience and forbearance):
i)                 Imaan has two parts. Half of it is Sabr (patience) and the other half is Shukr (gratitude).
ii)            The Prophet said: How wonderful is the case of a believer; there is good for him in everything and this applies only to a believer. If prosperity attends him, he expresses gratitude to Allaah and that is good for him; and if adversity befalls him, he endures it patiently and that is better for him. [Saheeh Muslim]
iii)         When Fitnah befalls, it is not easy and one is not delivered from it except through Taqwa and Sabr.
iv)                Patience upon what Allaah has commanded.
v)                  Patience upon what Allaah has prohibited.
vi)                Patience upon affliction and trials.
vii)              Patience when the Muslims are weak and the Kuffaar have overpowered.
viii)            Patience at the Fitnah of an unjust ruler.

🚩 4. Turning towards Allaah and seeking His protection:
i)                  Through Salaah (prayers).
ii)                Through Tawbah (repentance) and Istighfaar (seeking forgiveness).
iii)              Through constant Dhikr (remembrance).
iv)              Through much supplication.
v)                 Seeking Allaah’s protection.
vi)       Through enjoining good and forbidding evil. [The narration of Abu Bakr, Sunan al- Tirmidhee]
vii)            Through sincere Faith and righteous deeds.
viii)         Asking Allaah for firmness in the Deen during these trials. {“Our Lord, pour upon us patience and establish our feet firmly and give us victory over the disbelieving people.”} [Surah al-Baqarah (2): 250]

🚩 5. Detachment and isolation:
i)             A Muslim should mix with the people so that he can guide and admonish them and be patient at their harm, but when he sees that it is adversely affecting his Deen or that he cannot enjoin good or forbid evil then he should isolate himself.
ii)             In the long Hadeeth of Hudhaifah, he asked: What do you order me to do if such a thing should take place in my lifetime? The Prophet said: ADHERE TO THE JAMAA`AH (MAIN BODY) OF MUSLIMS AND THEIR CHIEF. I asked: If there is neither a Jamaa`ah nor a chief (what shall I do)? He said: KEEP AWAY FROM ALL THOSE DIFFERENT SECTS, EVEN IF YOU HAD TO BITE (I.E. EAT) THE ROOT OF A TREE, TILL YOU MEET ALLAAH WHILE YOU ARE STILL IN THAT STATE. [Saheeh al-Bukhaaree (3606, 7084) and Saheeh Muslim (4553)]
iii)         When asked what the means for salvation is, he said: That you control your tongue, suffice yourself your house, and cry over your sins. [Sunan al-Tirmidhee and graded as “Saheeh” by Shaikh al-Albaanee]
iv)             When things are not clear, then one should keep away from the different factions when there is infighting and killing amongst the Muslims.



🚩 1. Not diving into matters when one has no knowledge:
i)                 When the Fitnah passes away, the Muslims should thank Allaah for it.
ii)              They should prevent their tongues from speaking about it
iii)            Only exception is when one wants to learn/teach a lesson from that incident.
iv)            They should not preoccupy themselves with “he said”, “they said” or “it was said”.
v)              The should not waste their time when there is no benefit.
vi)            The Prophet said: Part of excellence of one’s Islaam is his leaving that which does not concern him.
vii)    When `Umar Ibn `Abdul-`Azeez was about those who participated in the battle of Siffeen, he رحمه الله said: That is the blood Allaah has kept my hands pure from its (stains), and so I do not like to stain my tongue with it. He then recited: {That was a nation who has passed away. They shall receive the reward of what they earned and you of what you earn. And you will not be asked of what they used to do.} [Minhaaj al-Sunnah (6/254) and al-Hilyah (9/114 and 9/129). The Aayah is from Surah al-Baqarah (2): 134 & 141]
viii)     Imaam Maalik reported that he was informed that `Aaishah رضي الله عنها, the wife of the Prophet , sent a message to one of her family after the `Ishaa’ prayer, saying: Will you not allow the recording angel to rest? [Muwatta (1822), Chapter: Condemnation of useless talk. Also reported by Ibn Hibbaan in his Saheeh (5547) and graded as “Saheeh” by Shaikh Al-Albaanee]

🚩 2. Not to speak about Fitnah except as warning and admonition:


[Based on the book: الفتنة وآثارها المدمرة (Fitnah and its destructive effects)]

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